THERE ARE MORE than 700 plants known to cause reactions ranging from mild nausea to potentially life-threatening. The following list of ten are most commonly available and pre-existing within the residential yard.
1. Sago Palm: All parts are highly toxic especially the seeds. It contains cycasin and at least three other toxins.
2. Aloe: It contains saponins–think soap, and causes severe irritation of the mouth and intestines.
3. Azalea: All parts are toxic. It contains the neurotoxin grayanotoxins that causes gastrointestinal issues.
4. Chrysanthemum, also known as mums: The flowers contain naturally-occuring pyrethrins, commonly used in flea treatments for animals and pest control in the garden.
5. Kalanchoe: A small succulent with bright flowers grown outside or inside. They contains bufadienolides–a class of cardiac steroids that in sufficient amounts causes heart damage.
6. English Ivy: It has similar compounds found above in Kalanchoe; not as lethal but risky.
7. Lilium species–includes Peace Lilies, Asiatic, Daylilies, Tiger Lilies: All parts are toxic including the water with an arrangement. It contains calcium oxalate crystals known to cause kidney failure, especially in felines.
8. Nandina: All parts are poisonous, especially the berries. It contains hydrogen cyanide which is highly toxic.
9. Blue-green algae–technically not a plant but a bacteria: It’s commonly found in warm, calm fresh or saltwater. It is not fully understood which types release poisonous toxins as some forms of cyanobacteria, such as spirulina, is a popular health food supplement.
10. Marijuana: The growing popularity of CBD oil necessitates a word of caution. Consult with a trained veterinarian before administering to pets.
Protect your whiskered and furry friends by researching new or replacement plants for the home or garden.
As an added precaution, consult your favorite veterinarian for further information. Happy Growing!